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Sun, Jul 30, 2017

Good Fathers - Bad Sons

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2 Kings 20:20 – 21:18  “Good Fathers - BAD SONS”

So Hezekiah’s life comes to a close with no further attacks from surrounding nations.

·      Assyria gives up on Jerusalem and becomes a very prosperous nation.

 

20 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah—all his might, and how he made a pool and a tunnel and brought water into the city—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

21 So Hezekiah rested with his fathers.

Then Manasseh his son reigned in his place.

·      a.m. 3306. B.C. 698. [1]

 

 

 

 

According to the Siloam inscription, the tunnel was excavated by two teams, one starting at each end of the tunnel and then meeting in the middle. The inscription is partly unreadable at present, and may originally have conveyed more information than this. It is clear from the tunnel itself that several directional errors were made during its construction.  Recent scholarship has discredited the idea that the tunnel may have been formed by substantially widening a pre-existing natural karst.   How the Israelite engineers have dealt with the difficult feat of making two teams digging from opposite ends meet far underground, is still not fully understood, but some suggest that the two teams were directed from above by sound signals generated by hammering on the solid rock through which the tunnelers were digging.  [2]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Hephzibah.

·      Hephzibahmy delight is in her.
(1.) The wife of Hezekiah and mother of king Manasseh (2 Kings 21:1).

(2.) A symbolical name of Zion, as representing the Lord’s favor toward her (Isa. 62:4).   [3]

 

·      God’s promise to Jerusalem:

Isaiah 62:4   You shall no longer be termed Forsaken,

Nor shall your land any more be termed Desolate;

But you shall be called Hephzibah, and your land Beulah;

For the Lord delights in you, And your land shall be married.

 

·      Mannasseh had the longest reign of any King of Judah, though he has a vary short record in Scripture.

o  Mannasseh’s childhood:

§  Proud father who wouldn’t respond to the Lord until a catastrophe happened.

·      Boil on his leg

·      Assyrian Army

·      Babylonian ambassadors counting the loot

§  Father of extremes – big lows and big highs – no balance in life

Romans 5:20-21  (NLT)

20     God’s law was given so that all people could see how sinful they were. But as people sinned more and more, God’s wonderful grace became more abundant.

21     So just as sin ruled over all people and brought them to death, now God’s wonderful grace rules instead, giving us right standing with God and resulting in eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.    [4]

§  Lovely, graceful Mother whom the Lord loved

 

2 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to the abominations of the nations whom the Lord had cast out before the children of Israel.

3 For he rebuilt the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; he raised up altars for Baal, and made a wooden image, as Ahab king of Israel had done; and he worshiped all the host of heaven and served them.

4 He also built altars in the house of the Lord, of which the Lord had said, “In Jerusalem I will put My name.”

·      Not in Tel Aviv

·      Abominations:

o  8441 תֹּועֵבָה [towʿebah, toʿebah /to·ay·baw/] n f. Act part of 8581; TWOT 2530a; GK 9359; 117 occurrences; AV translates as “abomination” 113 times, “abominable thing” twice, and “abominable” twice.
    
1 a disgusting thing, abomination, abominable.
         
1a in ritual sense (of unclean food, idols, mixed marriages).
         
1b in ethical sense (of wickedness, unchastity, uncleanness
            
etc).  [5]

 

5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the Lord.

Worshipping the stars, the sun and the moon was forbidden by God.

·      Assyrian Astral Cult

Deuteronomy 4:19   And take heed, lest you lift your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, you feel driven to worship them and serve them, which the Lord your God has given to all the peoples under the whole heaven as a heritage.

 

·      The effects of Manasseh’s evil were to continue beyond his days, as the denunciations of the seventh-century prophets testify (e.g., Jer 8:2; 19:13; Zeph 1:5).   [6]

Jeremiah 8:2   They shall spread them before the sun and the moon and all the host of heaven, which they have loved and which they have served and after which they have walked, which they have sought and which they have worshiped. They shall not be gathered nor buried; they shall be like refuse on the face of the earth.

 

Jeremiah 19:13  And the houses of Jerusalem and the houses of the kings of Judah shall be defiled like the place of Tophet, because of all the houses on whose roofs they have burned incense to all the host of heaven, and poured out drink offerings to other gods.” ’ ”

 

Zephaniah 1:5

Those who worship the host of heaven on the housetops;

Those who worship and swear oaths by the Lord,

But who also swear by Milcom;

 

6 Also he made his son pass through the fire, practiced soothsaying, used witchcraft, and consulted spiritists and mediums. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger.

7 He even set a carved image of Asherah that he had made, in the house of which the Lord had said to David and to Solomon his son, “In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put My name forever;

The writer here is amazed – Manasseh “even set a carved image of the Easter pole in the Temple!!”

·      Manasseh did all he could to provoke the Lord God of Israel.

 

8 and I will not make the feet of Israel wander anymore from the land which I gave their fathers—only if they are careful to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that My servant Moses commanded them.”

9 But they paid no attention, and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than the nations whom the Lord had destroyed before the children of Israel.

·      To ignore the repeated call of the Holy Spirit in a believer’s life to refrain from their repeated sin is an abomination before God.

James 4:17    Therefore, to him who knows to do good and does not do it, to him it is sin.

 

·      Seduced to do more evil than the Gentiles around them.

o  This happened in Apostle Paul’s day:

1 Corinthians 5:1–2

1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles—that a man has his father’s wife!

o  Their response to Paul:

2 And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he who has done this deed might be taken away from among you.

 

10 And the Lord spoke by His servants the prophets, saying,

11 “Because Manasseh king of Judah has done these abominations (he has acted more wickedly than all the Amorites who were before him, and has also made Judah sin with his idols),

12 therefore thus says the Lord God of Israel: ‘Behold, I am bringing such calamity upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whoever hears of it, both his ears will tingle.

13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the measuring line of Samaria and the plummet of the house of Ahab;

I will wipe Jerusalem as one wipes a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down.

·      Calamity

o  Ears tingle to hear it – the horror, the mayhem, the destruction

o  God will measure their sin against the pagan nations around them the He judged.

o  Wipe Jerusalem off the map.

 

14 So I will forsake the remnant of My inheritance and deliver them into the hand of their enemies;

and they shall become victims of plunder to all their enemies,

15 because they have done evil in My sight, and have provoked Me to anger since the day their fathers came out of Egypt, even to this day.’ ”

·      God’s hand is forced to act decisively

·      There is no other solution left.

 

16 Moreover Manasseh shed very much innocent blood, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another, besides his sin by which he made Judah sin, in doing evil in the sight of the Lord.

17 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh—all that he did, and the sin that he committed—are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

·      According to Jewish tradition Isaiah was put to death by Manasseh by being sawed in two.    [7]

Hebrews 11:37–38

37 They were stoned, they were sawn in two, were tempted, were slain with the sword. They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented—

38 of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, in dens and caves of the earth.

 

18 So Manasseh rested with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza.

Then his son Amon reigned in his place.

·      Amon – a terrible man – but Josiah is coming soon.



[1] B. Blayney, Thomas Scott, and R.A. Torrey with John Canne, Browne, The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge, vol. 1 (London: Samuel Bagster and Sons, n.d.), 270.

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siloam_tunnel

[3] M. G. Easton, Easton’s Bible Dictionary (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893).

[4] Tyndale House Publishers, Holy Bible: New Living Translation (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2013), Ro 5:20–21.

[5] James Strong, Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon (Woodside Bible Fellowship, 1995).

[6] R. D. Patterson and Hermann J. Austel, “1, 2 Kings,” in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: 1 & 2 Kings, 1 & 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Job, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, vol. 4 (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1988), 281.

[7] Thomas L. Constable, “2 Kings,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 580.