Sun, Sep 17, 2017

I Got Carried Away

2 Kings 25:1-30  “I Got Carried Away”

January 9, 2015 to September 17, 2017

1 Kings 1:1  to   2 Kings 25:30

2 years and 9 months of the chronicles of the Kings – all probably penned by Jeremiah the Prophet.

 

For now Jeremiah has been in the streets of Jerusalem for 23 years.

·      Daniel has been in Babylon for several years now.

 

Israel and Judah are judged – God must be faithful to His promises.

·     God’s Lament for what He MUST do:

Jeremiah 25:1–15

1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon),

2 which Jeremiah the prophet spoke to all the people of Judah and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying:

3 “From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah, even to this day, this is the twenty-third year in which the word of the Lord has come to me; and I have spoken to you, rising early and speaking, but you have not listened.

4 And the Lord has sent to you all His servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear.

5 They said, ‘Repent now everyone of his evil way and his evil doings, and dwell in the land that the Lord has given to you and your fathers forever and ever.

6 Do not go after other gods to serve them and worship them, and do not provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands; and I will not harm you.’

7 Yet you have not listened to Me,” says the Lord, “that you might provoke Me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

8 “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Because you have not heard My words,

9 behold, I will send and take all the families of the north,’ says the Lord, ‘and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, against its inhabitants, and against these nations all around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, a hissing, and perpetual desolations.

10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation and an astonishment, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

 

Why 70 years?  Seems random – but it isn’t!

·      490 years of no sabbatical year – greed, avarice, SIN

·      Israel owed God 70 years of Sabbaths!

Jeremiah 34:12–21

12 Therefore the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying,

13 “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: ‘I made a covenant with your fathers in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, saying,

14 “At the end of seven years let every man set free his Hebrew brother, who has been sold to him; and when he has served you six years, you shall let him go free from you.” But your fathers did not obey Me nor incline their ear.

15 Then you recently turned and did what was right in My sight—every man proclaiming liberty to his neighbor; and you made a covenant before Me in the house which is called by My name.

16 Then you turned around and profaned My name, and every one of you brought back his male and female slaves, whom he had set at liberty, at their pleasure, and brought them back into subjection, to be your male and female slaves.’

17 “Therefore thus says the Lord: ‘You have not obeyed Me in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother and every one to his neighbor. Behold, I proclaim liberty to you,’ says the Lord ‘to the sword, to pestilence, and to famine! And I will deliver you to trouble among all the kingdoms of the earth.

18 And I will give the men who have transgressed My covenant, who have not performed the words of the covenant which they made before Me, when they cut the calf in two and passed between the parts of it—

19 the princes of Judah, the princes of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of the calf—

20 I will give them into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those who seek their life. Their dead bodies shall be for meat for the birds of the heaven and the beasts of the earth.

21 And I will give Zedekiah king of Judah and his princes into the hand of their enemies, into the hand of those who seek their life, and into the hand of the king of Babylon’s army which has gone back from you. [1]

 

1 Now it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month (of Tebeth, January), on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem and encamped against it; and they built a siege wall against it all around.

2 So the city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah.

·      When the Scriptures set the exact day – there typically is a reason.

o  Far from home, in Babylon, Ezekiel is told by the Lord that Jerusalem is being wiped out by Nebuchadnezzar.

Ezekiel 24:1–17

1 Again, in the ninth year, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me, saying,

2 “Son of man, write down the name of the day, this very day—the king of Babylon started his siege against Jerusalem this very day.

 

3 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine had become so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

Jeremiah:

Lamentations 2:20–22

20 “See, O Lord, and consider!

To whom have You done this?

Should the women eat their offspring,

The children they have cuddled?

Should the priest and prophet be slain In the sanctuary of the Lord?

21 “Young and old lie

On the ground in the streets;

My virgins and my young men

Have fallen by the sword;

You have slain them in the day of Your anger,

You have slaughtered and not pitied.

22 “You have invited as to a feast day

The terrors that surround me.

In the day of the Lord’s anger

There was no refugee or survivor.

Those whom I have borne and brought up

My enemies have destroyed.”

 

Jeremiah had much to lament but much to have hope in:

Lamentations 3:21–26

21 This I recall to my mind,

Therefore I have hope.

22 Through the Lord’s mercies we are not consumed,

Because His compassions fail not.

23 They are new every morning;

Great is Your faithfulness.

24 “The Lord is my portion,” says my soul, “Therefore I hope in Him!”

25 The Lord is good to those who wait for Him,

To the soul who seeks Him.

26 It is good that one should hope and wait quietly

For the salvation of the Lord.

 

4 Then the city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled at night by way of the gate between two walls, which was by the king’s garden, even though the Chaldeans were still encamped all around against the city.

And the king went by way of the plain.

5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his army was scattered from him.

6 So they took the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah, and they pronounced judgment on him.

7 Then they killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, put out the eyes of Zedekiah, bound him with bronze fetters, and took him to Babylon.

·      As prophesied by Ezekiel – Zedekiah would never see Jerusalem again.

Ezekiel 12:13–15

13 I will also spread My net over him, and he shall be caught in My snare. I will bring him to Babylon, to the land of the Chaldeans; yet he shall not see it, though he shall die there.

14 I will scatter to every wind all who are around him to help him, and all his troops; and I will draw out the sword after them.

15 Then they shall know that I am the Lord, when I scatter them among the nations and disperse them throughout the countries.

 

·      BUT – will they realize that the LORD, He is God?

Revelation 9:20–21

20 But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk.

21 And they did not repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts.

 

8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month (which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.

9 He burned the house of the Lord and the king’s house; all the houses of Jerusalem, that is, all the houses of the great, he burned with fire.

10 And all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down the walls of Jerusalem all around.

11 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive the rest of the people who remained in the city and the defectors who had deserted to the king of Babylon, with the rest of the multitude.

12 But the captain of the guard left some of the poor of the land as vinedressers and farmers.

13 The bronze pillars that were in the house of the Lord, and the carts and the bronze Sea that were in the house of the Lord, the Chaldeans broke in pieces, and carried their bronze to Babylon.

14 They also took away the pots, the shovels, the trimmers, the spoons, and all the bronze utensils with which the priests ministered.

15 The firepans and the basins, the things of solid gold and solid silver, the captain of the guard took away.

16 The two pillars, one Sea, and the carts, which Solomon had made for the house of the Lord, the bronze of all these articles was beyond measure.

17 The height of one pillar was eighteen cubits (27 feet), and the capital on it was of bronze. The height of the capital was three cubits (4 ½ feet), and the network and pomegranates all around the capital were all of bronze. The second pillar was the same, with a network.

18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers.

19 He also took out of the city an officer who had charge of the men of war, five men of the king’s close associates who were found in the city, the chief recruiting officer of the army, who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city.

20 So Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, took these and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah.

21 Then the king of Babylon struck them and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive from its own land.

22 Then he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, governor over the people who remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left.

·      This concludes the captivity of Judah – all who were worth taking have been carried away to Babylon.

·      Why the Brass?

o   Only the brass was removed from the temple here, as the more precious things had already been taken (2Ki. 24:13).

§  A full list is given in Jer. 52:17-23.

o   All the brass of the pillars, the brazen sea, the bases of the smaller lavers, the pots, shovels, snuffers, spoons, and other articles were removed, as well as a few things of gold and silver which could be found in the temple (2Ki. 25:13-17). [2] 

 

23 Now when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan the son of Careah, Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men.

24 And Gedaliah took an oath before them and their men, and said to them, “Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Dwell in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.”

25 But it happened in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck and killed Gedaliah, the Jews, as well as the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah.

26 And all the people, small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose and went to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.

·      The Lord would hunt them down no matter where they escaped to.

o  Discipline from the Lord knows no escape.

Jeremiah 44:29–30

29 And this shall be a sign to you,’ says the Lord, ‘that I will punish you in this place, that you may know that My words will surely stand against you for adversity.’

30 “Thus says the Lord: ‘Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, his enemy who sought his life.’ ”

 

27 Now it came to pass in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that Evil-Merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he began to reign, released Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison.

28 He spoke kindly to him, and gave him a more prominent seat than those of the kings who were with him in Babylon.

29 So Jehoiachin changed from his prison garments, and he ate bread regularly before the king all the days of his life.

30 And as for his provisions, there was a regular ration given him by the king, a portion for each day, all the days of his life.

·      Evil-Merodach — “Merodach’s man”, the son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon (2 Kings 25:27; Jer. 52:31, 34). He seems to have reigned but two years (562–560). Influenced probably by Daniel, he showed kindness to Jehoiachin, who had been a prisoner in Babylon for thirty-seven years. He released him, and “spoke kindly to him.” He was murdered by Nergal-sharezer = Neriglissar, his brother-in-law, who succeeded him (Jer. 39:3, 13).  [3]

 

You would think this chronicle would end with promise – but it does not.

·      Israel is scattered to:

o  Assyria

o  Egypt

o  Babylon

·      The nation is crushed

·      The Temple is utterly destroyed

·      Jerusalem is a wasteland – leveled with destruction

 

 

Daniel takes the chronicle from here.

Daniel 1:1–2

1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.

2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the articles of the house of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the articles into the treasure house of his god.

 



[1] Jeremiah 25:11–12 and 29:10 first announced that the Babylonian captivity would last seventy years. Jeremiah 34:13–14 linked the captivity to Israel’s lack of observing the seventh-year Sabbaths (cf. 2 Chron. 36:21). The number seventy symbolized the seventy seventh-year Sabbath rests that Israel had not kept. That added up to a 490-year period stretching back into Israel’s disobedient history. So, when Daniel was meditating over the seventy years of captivity, he was also meditating over a 490-year period of disobedience. And that seventy-times-seven framework was exactly what God used in the vision of the seventy weeks in Daniel 9. He presented a series of seventy weeks, but of years, not days. The number 490 was already on Daniel’s mind. Thus the six aspects (9:24) of purifying at the end of the seventieth week were similar to the function of the seventy years of Israel’s captivity.   
Robert B. Hughes and J. Carl Laney, Tyndale Concise Bible Commentary, The Tyndale Reference Library (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2001), 312.

[2] Dake's Annotated Reference Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments of the Authorized or King James Version Text.

 

[3] M. G. Easton, Easton’s Bible Dictionary (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893).