Sun, Mar 04, 2018

Keys to an Apocalypse

DANIEL 7:1-14  KEYS TO AN APOCALYPSE

Daniel’s apocalyptic visions:

  • Revelation: (apokalupto from apó = from + kalúpto = cover, conceal, English = apocalypse) literally means “to remove the cover from” and so the idea is to remove that which conceals something. Almost all of the NT uses have a figurative use, especially to some aspect of spiritual truth that was heretofore hidden but now has the "lid removed" so that it can be seen (understood).
    • The idea is to make manifest something previously secret or unknown.
    • describes removing of a veil (an unveiling) or covering, thus exposing to open view what was concealed.
    • 26x in 26v - NAS - reveal(5), revealed(20), revelation is made. [i] (more in the endnotes)

 

2 Peter 1:19–21

19 And we have the prophetic word [made] firmer still.
You will do well to pay close attention to it as to a lamp shining in a dismal (squalid and dark) place, until the day breaks through [the gloom] and the Morning Star rises (comes into being) in your hearts.

20 [Yet] first [you must] understand this, that no prophecy of Scripture is [a matter] of any personal or private or special interpretation (loosening, solving).

21 For no prophecy ever originated because some man willed it [to do so — it never came by human impulse], but men spoke from God who were carried along (moved and impelled) by the Holy Spirit.    [1]

 

THIS VISION OCCURS AFTER DANIEL 4, BUT BEFORE DANIEL 5

  • Vision #1 - Daniel 7:1- First year of King Belshazzar (~553BC)
    • Daniel ~ 67 years old
    • Written in Aramaic
  • Vision #2 - Daniel 8:1- Third year of King Belshazzar (~551BC) –
    • Daniel ~ 69 years old
    • Written in Hebrew

AFTER THE FALL OF BABYLON – 539BC

  • Vision #3 - Daniel 9:2, 23- First year of Darius the Mede (~538/539BC) –
    • Daniel ~ 81 years old
    • Hebrew
  • Vision #4 - Daniel 10:1- Third year of Cyrus the Persian (~535/536BC) –
    • Daniel ~ 86 years old
    • Hebrew

 

 

Billy Graham, in his book, Storm Warning, (p.66) makes this warning:

"There is something ominous in the air, and I am intrigued by both THE HORROR AND HOPE of what lies just ahead."

 

1 In the first year of Belshazzar the king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream and visions of his head as he lay on his bed; then he wrote down the dream and the summary of the words as follows:

2 Daniel explained and said, “I was looking in my vision in the night, and look, the four winds of heaven were stirring up the great sea.

The 4 winds of heaven:

  • 4 winds blowing in the same direction causes a Tornado, a Cyclone on the sea.
    • 7308 רוּחַ [ruwach /rooakh/] n f. Corresponding to 7307; TWOT 2991a; GK 10658; 11 occurrences; AV translates as “spirit” eight times, “wind” twice, and “mind” once.
      1 spirit, wind. 1a wind. 1b spirit. 1b1 of man. 1b2 seat of the mind. [2]

 

  • Thus the peoples of the earth are portrayed as a great sea of humanity in a constant state of unrest, chaos, and turmoil—an apt description of today’s world.  [3]

 

The great sea:

  • Throughout the Old Testament the Mediterranean Sea is referred to as the Great Sea (Num. 34:6–7; Josh. 1:4; 9:1; 15:12, 47; 23:4; Ezek. 47:10, 15, 20; 48:28). This vision then related specifically to the Mediterranean world. [4]

Revelation 17:1   And one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great prostitute who is seated on many waters,

Revelation 17:15   And he said to me, “The waters that you saw, where the prostitute is seated, are peoples and crowds and nations and languages.

 

  • The “great sea” of peoples will soon be “stirred” to welcome a new, revived Roman empire of iron mixed with clay. (Daniel 2)
  • No one would readily accept such a vulnerable and weak empire but the “four winds of Heaven” move upon the nations to accept the rule.

Daniel 2:41–46

41 And just as you saw the feet and the toes, partly potter’s clay and partly iron, it will be a divided kingdom; and some hardness of the iron will be in it, just as you have seen the iron mixed with the wet clay.

42 And as the toes of the feet were partly iron and partly clay, so part of the kingdom will be strong and partly brittle.

43 And in that you saw the iron was mixed with wet clay, so they will mix in marriage and they will not cling to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay.

44 And in the day of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, and the kingdom will not be left for another nation, and it will bring an end to all these kingdoms, but it will stand forever.

45 Inasmuch as you saw that a stone from the mountain was chiseled out but not by hands, and that it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold, thereby the great God made known to the king what will be in the future, and the dream is certain and its explanation trustworthy.”

46 Then the king, Nebuchadnezzar, fell on his face and he paid homage to Daniel; and he commanded them to offer a grain offering and incense offering to him.

  • Could this be an empire of Islam and Roman Christianity? No one would ever suspect or agree that they could mix – surely there would be instability on both sides – YET, it seems that modern ecumenical movements are attempting to do just this with the Papacy in Rome.  There are MANY illusions to the Antichrist walking away from his father’s faith to align himself with a new religion which would eventually center on the Antichrist being god himself.  The 12th Imam?

 

3 And four great beasts were coming up from the sea, differing from one another.

4 The first was like a lion and had the wings of an eagle. I was watching until its wings were plucked off, and it was lifted up from the earth and it was raised on its feet like a human, and a human heart was given to it.

5 And look, another beast, a second one, looking like a bear. And it was raised up on one side and three tusks were in its mouth between its teeth, and so it was told, “Arise, eat much flesh!”

6 After this I was watching and look, a third beast like a leopard; it had four wings of a bird on its back, and the beast had four heads, and dominion was given to it.

Daniel sees 4 beasts:

  • The traditional interpretation of each beast depicting the ancient kingdoms ends up falling apart. The lion was a symbol used in ancient Babylon, but never with wings. The bear was not used by Persia or Media as a symbol.  The leopard was not a symbol of Greece. 
    Perhaps a coalition of end-times empires is in order. (David Hocking, “Daniel”)
    • 4 beasts are 4 Kings which will arise – seemingly all at the same time out of the sea of people in turmoil on earth.

Daniel 7:17   ‘These great beasts which are four in number are four kings who will arise from the earth.

 

  1. A Lion with wings that are plucked off
    1. Most believe this depicts the modern British Empire that once soared, but has been pared back to much less power.

 

  1. A Bear – with 3 tusks, rearing up to eat much flesh
    1. Russia has always been characterized as the Bear
    2. Consuming nations and people in its path to domination
    3. Ezekiel 38-39 tell us that Russia has a major role to play in end times.
    4. Three tusks?
      1. Iran? (North Korea)
      2. Syria? (Hezbollah, Hamas, Fatah, PLO)
  • Turkey? (Baltic Nations)

 

  1. A Leopard with 4 wings, and 4 heads, and great dominion on earth.
    1. Most believe this depicts the Islamic Nations that will have gained great dominion by the end times conclude. [5]
    2. 4 heads and 4 wings?
      1. 4 heads often depicts 4 leaders or nations included in this figure
        1. Germany’s 4th Reich? Growing in size today.
        2. 4 Caliphates of Muslim nations?
        3. 4 African Nations? Sudan, Egypt, Libya,   [6]
          1. It was estimated in 2002 that Muslims constitute 48% of the population of Africa. [7]
          2. Islam has a large presence in North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Swahili Coast, and much of West Africa, with minority immigrant populations in South Africa. [8]

 

VERY similar to the creature described in Revelation:

Revelation 13:1-2

1 And I saw coming up out of the sea a beast that had ten horns and seven heads, and on its horns ten royal headbands, and on its heads a blasphemous name.

2 And the beast that I saw was similar to a leopard, and its feet were like a bear’s, and its mouth was like the mouth of a lion, and the dragon gave it his power and his throne and great authority.

 

  • John, the Revelator, sees:
    • A Great Beast – forms of all four kings now rolled into one.
    • An amalgamated kingdom of the 3 kings together.
      • The leopard
      • The Bear
      • The Lion
    • The Dragon – then empowers and possesses the amalgamated kingdom of the three kings that were in his presence.

 

  • Who is this Dragon?

Revelation 12:3–4

3 And another sign appeared in heaven, and behold, a great fiery red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven royal headbands.

4 And his tail swept away a third of the stars from heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, in order that whenever she gave birth to her child he could devour it.

Revelation 12:7–9

7 And there was war in heaven; Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back.

8 And they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them any longer in heaven.

9 And the great dragon was thrown down, the ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world. He was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.

 

7 After this in the visions of the night I was looking and there was a fourth beast, terrifying and frightful

and exceedingly strong,

and it had great iron teeth,

and it was devouring and crushing,

and it stamped the remainder with its feet;

and it was different from all the other beasts that were in its presence

and it had ten horns.

8 I was considering the horns,

and look, another little horn came up among them,

and three of the earlier horns were rooted out from before it,

and there were eyes like the eyes of a human in this horn

and also a mouth that was speaking boastfully.

  • One consistent image throughout Revelation – the Beast with 7 heads & 10 horns

Revelation 12:3  And another sign appeared in heaven, and behold, a great fiery red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads were seven royal headbands.

Revelation 13:1  And I saw coming up out of the sea a beast that had ten horns and seven heads, and on its horns ten royal headbands, and on its heads a blasphemous name.

Revelation 17:3  And he carried me away into the wilderness in the Spirit, and I saw a woman seated on a scarlet beast that was full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns.

 

Daniel 7:23   “And he said, ‘The fourth beast is the fourth kingdom that will be on the earth that will be different from all the other kingdoms, and it will devour the whole earth and it will trample it and it will crush it.

 

 

Revelation 13:4–8

4 And they worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to make war with him?

5 And a mouth was given to him speaking great things and blasphemies, and authority to act was given to him for forty-two months.

6 And he opened his mouth for blasphemies toward God,

to blaspheme his name and his dwelling, those who live in heaven.

7 And it was given to him to make war with the saints and to conquer them. And authority was given to him over every tribe and people and language and nation.

8 And all those who live on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name is not written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who was slaughtered.

 

  • It has always been the desire of the Devil to receive the World’s worship.

Isaiah 14:13-15

13 For you have said in your heart:

‘I will ascend into heaven,

I will exalt my throne above the stars of God;

I will also sit on the mount of the congregation

On the farthest sides of the north;

14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds,

I will be like the Most High.’

15 Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol,

To the lowest depths of the Pit.

 

  • Lucifer offered the World to Jesus, because he knew it was Lucifer’s to give!

Matthew 4:8–10

8 Again the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory,

9 and he said to him, “I will give to you all these things, if you will fall down and worship me.”

10 Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, Satan, for it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’”

 

9 “I continued watching until thrones were placed and an Ancient of Days sat; his clothing was like white snow and the hair of his head was like pure wool and his throne was a flame of fire and its wheels were burning fire.

  • Clearly depicting the Great White Throne Judgment of all unsaved mankind by the Father in Heaven.
    • Jesus comes at the conclusion of the Judgment time and Jesus is given ultimate Kingly rule over all the Universe.

Daniel 7:13–14

13 “I continued watching in the visions of the night, and look, with the clouds of heaven one like a son of man was coming, and he came to the Ancient of Days, and was presented before him.

14 And to him was given dominion and glory and kingship that all the peoples, the nations, and languages would serve him; his dominion is a dominion without end that will not cease, and his kingdom is one that will not be destroyed.

 

10 A stream of fire issued forth and flowed from his presence; thousands upon thousands served him and ten thousand upon ten thousand stood before him. The judge sat, and the books were opened.

Hebrews 12:22    But you have come to Mount Zion, and to the city of the living God, to the heavenly Jerusalem, and to tens of thousands of angels, to the festal gathering

 

11 “I continued watching then because of the noise of the boastful words of the horn who was speaking; I continued watching until the beast was slain and its body was destroyed, and it was given over to burning with fire.

  • This event will terminate “the times of the Gentiles”.  [9]

Luke 21:24, 27

24 and they will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

27 And then they will see the Son of Man arriving in a cloud with power and great glory.

 

Revelation 19:20   And the (4th) beast was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs before him, by which he deceived those who received the mark of the beast and those who had worshiped his image. The two were thrown alive into the lake of fire that burns with sulphur.

 

 

[1] The Amplified Bible (La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation, 1987), 2 Pe 1:19–21.

[2] James Strong, Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon (Woodside Bible Fellowship, 1995).

[3] Stephen R. Miller, Daniel, vol. 18, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994), 195.

[4] J. Dwight Pentecost, “Daniel,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 1350.

[5] Dominion was given to it: again, the passive form will have to be translated actively in many languages. This seems to be parallel in meaning to the expressions “standing like a man” in verse 4. The upright position is symbolic of power and dominion. But in this case the symbolism appears to be replaced by nonfigurative language. Dominion means the power or authority to rule over or impose its will on others; niv has “authority to rule,” and reb “sovereign power.”  René Péter-Contesse and John Ellington, A Handbook on the Book of Daniel, UBS Handbook Series (New York: United Bible Societies, 1994), 183.

[6]  A Caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfah) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (/ˈkælɪf, ˈkeɪ-/, Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah,, aperson considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire Muslim community.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliphate#cite_note-Moaveni-12-1-18-14

The Sunni branch of Islam stipulates that, as a head of state, a caliph should be elected by Muslims or their representatives. Followers of Shia Islam, however, believe a caliph should be an Imam chosen by God from the Ahl al-Bayt (the "Family of the House", Muhammad's direct descendants). In simpler terms, the Sunni favor election while the Shia favor bloodline.

In the early 21st century, following the failure of the Arab Spring and defeat of the self-proclaimed "Islamic State", there has seen "a broad mainstream embrace of a collective Muslim identity" by young Muslims and the appeal of a caliphate as a "idealized future Muslim state" has grown ever stronger.     Moaveni, Azadeh (12 January 2018). "The Lingering Dream of an Islamic State". The New York Times.

[7]  Encyclopedia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopedia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 9780852299562, p.306.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba:  “The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa”, a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedias, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.

[8] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Africa

[9] J. Dwight Pentecost, “Daniel,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 1351.

 

[i] 28.38 ἀποκαλύπτω; ἀποκάλυψις, εως f: (figurative extensions of meaning of ἀποκαλύπτω and ἀποκάλυψις ‘to uncover, to take out of hiding,’ not occurring in the NT) to cause something to be fully known—‘to reveal, to disclose, to make fully known, revelation.’

ἀποκαλύπτω: ὅπως ἂν ἀποκαλυφθῶσιν ἐκ πολλῶν καρδιῶν διαλογισμοί ‘and so the thoughts of many will be fully known’ Lk 2:35; τότε ἀποκαλυφθήσεται ὁ ἄνομος ‘then the Wicked One will be revealed’ 2 Th 2:8.

ἀποκάλυψις: κατὰ ἀποκάλυψιν μυστηρίου χρόνοις αἰωνίοις σεσιγημένου ‘according to the disclosure of the secret truth which was hidden for long ages in the past’ Ro 16:25; ἡ γὰρ ἀποκαραδοκία τῆς κτίσεως τὴν ἀποκάλυψιν τῶν υἱῶν τοῦ θεοῦ ἀπεκδέχεται ‘all of creation waits with eager longing for God to reveal his sons’ Ro 8:19. [i]

Johannes P. Louw and Eugene Albert Nida, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains (New York: United Bible Societies, 1996), 338.