Sun, May 13, 2018

Outside of Time

DANIEL 11.1-35. .OUTSIDE OF TIME

Only an Omniscient God could possible know ALL of human history.

No mysteries to God!

Daniel 2:22  He reveals deep and secret things;

He knows what is in the darkness,

And light dwells with Him.

 

  • Warren Wiersbe: “It is no surprise, then, that the radical critics have attacked the Book of Daniel, and especially these chapters, because they claim that nobody could write in advance so many accurate details about so many people and events. Their “scientific conclusion” is that the Book of Daniel is a fraud; it was written centuries after these events, and therefore is not a book of prophecy at all. These critics can’t deny the historicity of the events, because the records are in the annals of ancient history for all to read and cannot be denied. Therefore, to maintain their “scientific theories,” they must deny the reality of prophecy.”   [1]

 

Isaiah 46:9–11

9 . . . For I am God, and there is no other;

I am God, and there is none like Me,

10 Declaring the end from the beginning,

And from ancient times things that are not yet done,

Saying, ‘My counsel shall stand,

And I will do all My pleasure,’

11 Calling a bird of prey from the east,

The man who executes My counsel, from a far country.

Indeed I have spoken it;

I will also bring it to pass.

I have purposed it;

I will also do it.

 

  • Chuck Smith: “And that is how God proves that He is eternal and outside of the time continuum, by telling you things that have not yet happened,so that when they do happen you will know that He knows what He was talking about, because He dwells outside of the time continuum and can tell you the end from the beginning.”  [2]

 

  • According to some scholars, Daniel 11 contains some 135 fulfilled prophecies!
    Little wonder that skeptics and unbelievers aggressively seek to refute the authenticity of this book!
    • A Chapter so full of historically proven prophecies that many commentators do not believe Daniel could have possibly written this 100+ years earlier.
    • Because secular History confirms all of the prophecies being fulfilled – we can know that God will perfectly fulfill all of His prophecies.

 

1 “Also in the first year of Darius the Mede, I, even I, stood up to confirm and strengthen him.)

  • This verse should really be the concluding verse of Chapter 10
  • Describes the conclusion of Gabriel and Michael’s battle in the heavenlies, for now.
    • We now know that Gabriel and Michael won that battle and Israel was released to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple and walls.

 

The Angel is now telling Daniel that there will be four great rulers after Darius in Babylon.

2 Andnow I will tell you the truth:

Behold, three more kings will arise in Persia,

andthe fourth shall be far richer than them all;

by his strength, through his riches,

he shall stir up all against the realm of Greece.

The Four Kings of Persia after Darius the Mede:

  1. Cyrusreigned 2 years after Astyages or Darius the Mede had taken over Babylon in 538 – 527 B.C.(note, Dan. 10:1).
  2. Cambyses, the son of Cyrus, reigned 7 years over Persia, 527-520 B.C.
  3. Darius Ireigned 35 years, 520-485 B.C.He was the first king of Persia to invade Greece, but was defeated at the battle of Marathon 490 B.C.  
  4. Xerxesreigned 21 years, 485-464 B.C.He was the Persian king that stirred up all against the realm of Grecia, fulfilling Dan. 11:2.
    He also was defeated by the Greeks in 480-479 B.C. [3]
  • Xerxeswho you remember was the Ahasuerusof Scripture, the husband of Esther. He gathered a great amount of money and a huge army estimated to be upwards to a million men.
  • But the most important of the four kings, and the wealthiest, was Xerxes I, the Ahasuerus of the Book of Esther.He ruled an empire that reached from Ethiopia to India and he had a great passion to conquer Greece. In 480 he tried to invade Greece, but his vast fleet was defeated at Salamis and Samos, and his army was defeated at Plataea. All of this occurred between chapters 1 and 2 of the Book of Esther. He came home a bitter and angry man and sought to find relief for his wounded pride by enjoying his harem. It was at this time that Esther entered the picture.Xerxes was assassinated in August 465. [4]

 

3 Then a mighty king shall arise, who shall rule with great dominion,

anddo according to his will.

  • Alexander the Great. [5]

 

4 Andwhen he has arisen, his kingdom shall be broken up

(Alexander’s reign broken into four kingdoms)

anddivided toward the four winds of heaven,

but not among his posterity nor according to his dominion with which he ruled; for his kingdom shall be uprooted, even for others besides these.

Daniel 8:22  As for the broken horn and the four that stood up in its place, four kingdoms shall arise out of that nation, but not with its power.

  • A few years after Alexander’s death, his kingdom was divided among his four generals (cf. 8:22):
    • Seleucus (over Syria and Mesopotamia),
    • Ptolemy (over Egypt),
    • Lysimacus (over Thrace and portions of Asia Minor),
    • Cassander (over Macedonia and Greece). [6]

 

This division was anticipated through the four heads of the leopard(7:6)and the four prominent horns on the goat(8:8). Alexander founded no dynasty of rulers; since he had no heirs, his kingdom was divided and the empire was marked by division and weakness.   [7]

Daniel 7:6  “After this I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it.

 

Daniel 8:8  Therefore the male goat grew very great; but when he became strong, the large horn was broken, and in place of it four notable ones came up toward the four winds of heaven.

  • Now the scriptures will concentrate upon two empires of the four that came out of the Grecian Empire:
    • the Egyptians, under the Ptolemies, the king of the south,
    • the Syrians and Babylon that was under Seleucus, the king of the north.
  • The specifics and details are what is amazing to me
    • God knows even the smallest detail of every human being.
    • Isn’t this why He is drawing you to Him today?

2 Peter 3:9    The Lord is not slack concerning His promise,

as some count slackness,

but is longsuffering toward us,

not willing that any should perish

but that all should come to repentance.

 

Romans 2:4 Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?

 

  • It’s not the ANGER of God, it’s the goodness of God that leads you to repentance.

 

5 “Also the king of the South shall become strong, as well as one of his princes; andhe shall gain power over him and have dominion.

His dominion shall be a great dominion.

6 Andat the end of some years they shall join forces, for the daughter of the king of the South shall go to the king of the North to make an agreement;

butshe shall not retain the power of her authority,

andneither he nor his authority shall stand;

butshe shall be given up, with those who brought her,

andwith him who begot her,

andwith him who strengthened her in those times.

7 Butfrom a branch of her roots one shall arise in his place,

who shall come with an army, enter the fortress of the king of the North,

anddeal with them and prevail.

8 Andhe shall also carry their gods captive to Egypt, with their princes

andtheir precious articles of silver and gold;

andhe shall continue more years than the king of the North.

9 “Also the king of the North shall come to the kingdom of the king of the South, butshall return to his own land.

10 However his sons shall stir up strife, and assemble a multitude of great forces; andone shall certainly come

andoverwhelm

andpass through;

then he shall return to his fortress and stir up strife.

11 Andthe king of the South shall be moved with rage,

andgo out and fight with him, with the king of the North, who shall muster a great multitude;

butthe multitude shall be given into the hand of his enemy.

12 When he has taken away the multitude, his heart will be lifted up;

andhe will cast down tens of thousands,

buthe will not prevail.

13 For the king of the North will return and muster a multitude greater than the former and shall certainly come at the end of some years with a great army and much equipment.

14 “Now in those times many shall rise up against the king of the South.

Also, violent men of your people shall exalt themselves in fulfillment of the vision,butthey shall fall.

15 So the king of the North shall come

andbuild a siege mound,

andtake a fortified city;

andthe forces of the South shall not withstand him.

Even his choice troops shall have no strength to resist.

16 Buthe who comes against him shall do according to his own will,

andno one shall stand against him.

He shall stand in the Glorious Land with destruction in his power.

17 “He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, andupright ones with him;

thus shall he do.

Andhe shall give him the daughter of women to destroy it;

but she shall not stand with him or be for him.

18 After this he shall turn his face to the coastlands and shall take many.

Buta ruler shall bring the reproach against them to an end;

andwith the reproach removed, he shall turn back on him.

19 Then he shall turn his face toward the fortress of his own land;

buthe shall stumble and fall, and not be found.

20 “There shall arise in his place one who imposes taxes on the glorious kingdom;

butwithin a few days he shall be destroyed,

butnot in anger or in battle.

  • Why not focus on the other two Kings as well?
    • These were the two kings that affected Israel.
    • That’s God’s focal point through human History – Israel and His people.

 

Next, the Lord will focus on one particular human figure that would be one of the vilest humans ever to exist.

  • Evil was his sole mission
  • Destroying all Jews and presenting himself as God was his goal.
  • So VERY similar to the Antichrist’s goals that these two human figures are what is called “types” of each other.
    • Antiochus Epiphaneswas his name

21 Andin his place shall arise a vile person,

to whom they will not give the honor of royalty;

buthe shall come in peaceably,

andseize the kingdom by intrigue.

22 With the force of a flood they shall be swept away from before him

andbe broken,

andalso the prince of the covenant.

23 Andafter the league is made with him he shall act deceitfully,

for he shall come up and become strong with a small number of people.

24 He shall enter peaceably, even into the richest places of the province;

andhe shall do what his fathers have not done, nor his forefathers: he shall disperse among them the plunder, spoil, and riches;

andhe shall devise his plans against the strongholds, but only for a time.

25 “He shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the South with a great army.

Andthe king of the South shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army;

buthe shall not stand, for they shall devise plans against him.

26 Yes, those who eat of the portion of his delicacies shall destroy him;

his army shall be swept away,

andmany shall fall down slain.

27 Both these kings’ hearts shall be bent on evil,

andthey shall speak lies at the same table;

butit shall not prosper, for the end will still be at the appointed time.

28 While returning to his land with great riches,

his heart shall be moved against the holy covenant;

so he shall do damage and return to his own land.

29 “At the appointed time he shall return and go toward the south;

but it shall not be like the former or the latter.

30 For ships from Cyprus shall come against him;

therefore he shall be grieved,

andreturn in rage against the holy covenant,

anddo damage.
So he shall return and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.

2 Maccabees 5:11–14   When these happenings were reported to the king, he thought that Judea was in revolt. Raging like a wild animal, he set out from Egypt and took Jerusalem by storm. He ordered his soldiers to cut down without mercy those whom they met and to slay those who took refuge in their houses. There was a massacre of young and old, a killing of women and children, a slaughter of virgins and infants. In the space of three days, eighty thousand were lost, forty thousand meeting a violent death, and the same number being sold into slavery.

 

31 And forces shall be mustered by him,

and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress;

then they shall take away the daily sacrifices,

and place there the abomination of desolation.

  • He came back to the temple and he put an image of Zeusin the Holy of holies and they began daily sacrificing pigs upon the alter forcing the Jews to sacrifice pigs.
  • Those that refused were put to death, so he began to slaughter the Jews.
    • Chuck Smith: “But this profaning of the temple, the Holy of holies, this abomination which makes desolate, is a type of the future Antichrist who will come to the temple which is to be rebuilt and stand in the Holy of holies claiming that he is God and demanding that he is to be worshipped as God.” [8]

 

  • Jesus spoke about this same event in reference to the coming Antichrist who will demand to be worshipped as God

Matthew 24:15–16

15 “Therefore when you see the ‘abomination of desolation,’spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place” (whoever reads, let him understand),

16 “then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.

 

Revelation 12:13–14

13 Now when the dragon (Satan) saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman (Israel)who gave birth to the male Child.

14 But the woman (Israel) was given two wings of a great eagle (USA?), that she might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time (3 ½ years), from the presence of the serpent.

 

  • Chuck Smith:“But this event of the profaning of the temple by the Antichrist causing the daily sacrifices and prayers to cease, putting the image of himself in the Holy of holies, demanding people to worship it, that is the final blasphemy of man that God will tolerate This is the event that causes the cup of His indignation and wrath to overflow and from this event will come three and a half years of great tribulation such as the world has never seen before or will ever see again.”  [9]

 

32 Those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery;

but the people who know their God shall be strong,

and carry out great exploits.

An apparent reference to the Maccabees who slew Antiochus’ army and gained control of the Temple.

  • In the narrative of 1 Maccabees, after Antiochus IV issued his decrees forbidding Jewish religious practice, a rural Jewish priest from Modiin, Mattathias the Hasmonean, sparked the revolt against the Seleucid Empire by refusing to worship the Greek gods. Mattathias killed a Hellenistic Jew who had stepped forward to take Mattathias's place in sacrificing to an idol. Afterwards, he and his five sons fled to the wilderness of Judah. After Mattathias's death about one year later in 166 BC, his son Judah Maccabee led an army of Jewish dissidents to victory over the Seleucid dynasty in guerrilla warfare, which at first was directed against Hellenized Jews, of whom there were many. The Maccabees destroyed pagan altars in the villages, circumcised boys and forced Hellenized Jews into outlawry.  The term "Maccabees" used to describe the Jewish army is taken from the Hebrew word for "hammer".

    The revolt itself involved many battles, in which the light, quick and mobile Maccabean forces gained notoriety among the slow and bulky Seleucid army, and also for their use of guerrilla tactics. After the victory, the Maccabees entered Jerusalem in triumph and ritually cleansed the Temple, reestablishing traditional Jewish worship there and installing Jonathan Maccabeeashigh priest. A large Seleucid army was sent to quash the revolt, but returned to Syria on the death of Antiochus IV.  [10]

 

33 And those of the people who understand shall instruct many;

yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame,

by captivity and plundering.

34 Now when they fall, they shall be aided with a little help;

but many shall join with them by intrigue.

35 And some of those of understanding shall fall, to refine them, purify them, and make them white, until the time of the end;

because it is still for the appointed time.

  • Chuck Smith: “They were trying to bring to pass really a spiritual revival. And they cleansed the temple. And, they finally came to Jerusalem and drove out the garrison that was there and they cleansed the temple and they began again the sacrifices unto God. They reinstituted the temple worship. And there is where the story comes in, and as they set up the temple again and purified it and went through the cleansing process, as they went to relight the Menorah, the seven-branch candlestick, there was oil enough only for one day but they lit it, but it took seven days to go through the process of preparing the oil. And through this whole seven day period that it took to prepare the oil the oil continued to burn in the lampstand until they had the new oil prepared to pour into it.
    And thus, they had developed a Feast of Lights which was also called the Feast of Dedication, and it is today called Hanukkah.And the Hanukkah Menorah has eight candlesticks representing the eight days.
     Hanukkah was this celebration of the Feast of Lights where God kept the lights burning while they were putting together this new oil for the candlestick.”
  • Now from verse 36 on this is a direct reference to the future, the Antichrist that is coming.

 

[1]Warren W. Wiersbe, Be Resolute, “Be” Commentary Series (Colorado Springs, CO: Victor, 2000), 130–131.

[2]Edited & Highlighted from “The Word For Today” Transcription, Pastor Chuck Smith, Tape #7347

[3]  Darius had conquered Thrace as far west as the Strymon river and added it to the Persian Empire. This brought the Greeks and Persians face to face in a death struggle, and a crisis in history. Persia had completely adopted oriental culture. She represented the fullest possible growth of the ancient civilization of Egypt and Babylon. She was rooted deeply in the traditions of the past and was unable to produce a better civilization.

The Greeks, on the other hand, were a fresh and youthful people. They were giving the world new ideas of literature, art, and individual rights in self-government. If the Persians had conquered, the progress of the world would have been set back many centuries. When the two powers started to fight it was a war which could only end in the destruction of one type of civilization or the other, the Western or Eastern. The struggle was not continuous but broke out again and again over a period of 150 years.

During this time the Greeks were developing in unity and culture. By 337 B.C. they were united in one nation under Philip of Macedon. In 336 B.C. Alexander the Great came to the throne. His northern Greek subjects rebelled. He soon crushed the rebels and was recognized as head of all Greek forces for a war against Persia which Philip had been making preparation for. In 13 years Alexander the Great had conquered the whole Persian Empire and the Greeks had become the masters of the known world. (Dake's Annotated Reference Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments of the Authorized or King James Version Text.)

[4]Warren W. Wiersbe, Be Resolute, “Be” Commentary Series (Colorado Springs, CO: Victor, 2000), 132–133.

[5]Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Greatwas a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and he created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India.  He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.  (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great)

[6]J. Dwight Pentecost, “Daniel,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 1368.

[7]J. Dwight Pentecost, “Daniel,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 1368.

[8]Edited & Highlighted from “The Word For Today” Transcription, Pastor Chuck Smith, Tape #7347

[9]Edited & Highlighted from “The Word For Today” Transcription, Pastor Chuck Smith, Tape #7347

[10]Schurer, Emil (1891). A History of the Jewish People in the Times of Jesus Christ.; Hendrickson Publishers.