Sun, Apr 22, 2018

Princes and Principalities

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DANIEL 10.1-21. PRINCES AND PRINCIPALITIES

Daniel’s prayer in Chapter 9 met a pretty immediate response.

  • Cyrus announced the end of Israel’s 70 years of exile in Babylon.

Ezra 1:1–4

1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying,

2 Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: “All the kingdoms of the earth the Lord God of heaven has given me. And He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem which is in Judah.

3 Who is among you of all His people? May his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem which is in Judah, and build the house of the Lord God of Israel (He is God), which is in Jerusalem.

4 And whoever is left in any place where he dwells, let the men of his place help him with silver and gold, with goods and livestock, besides the freewill offerings for the house of God which is in Jerusalem.”

 

So, the first wave of refugees returned to Jerusalem:

Ezra 2:64–67  LEB

64 The whole assembly together was 42,360 men, women and children,

65 apart from their male and female servants, of whom were 7,337;

and they had 200 male and female singers.

66 Their horses numbered 736,

their mules numbered 245,

67 their camels numbered 435,

their donkeys numbered 6,720.

BUT – Daniel didn’t go – was it his age?  (~86)

  • Imagine watching about 50,000 fellow Jews heading back to Jerusalem without you.
    • o You have to wonder if he watched them out of his window until he could no longer hear the singers or see the dust of the caravan.

Trump is seen as a modern day Cyrus in a 3rd Temple Coin:

 

Isaiah 44:28–45:4   (approx.. 150 years before Cyrus was born)

28 Who says of Cyrus, ‘He is My shepherd,

And he shall perform all My pleasure,

Saying to Jerusalem, “You shall be built,”

And to the temple, “Your foundation shall be laid.” ’

1 Thus says Yahweh to his anointed one[1], to Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped to subjugate nations before him, and I uncover the loins of kings to open doors before him, and the gates shall not be shut:

2 ‘I will go before you And make the crooked places straight; I will break in pieces the gates of bronze And cut the bars of iron.

3 I will give you the treasures of darkness And hidden riches of secret places, That you may know that I, the Lord, Who call you by your name, Am the God of Israel.

4 For Jacob My servant’s sake, And Israel My elect, I have even called you by your name; I have named you, though you have not known Me.

2 “I myself will go before you, and I will level the mountains. I will break the doors of bronze and cut through the bars of iron.

3 And I will give you the treasures of darkness and treasures of secret places so that you may know that I am Yahweh, the one who calls you by your name, the God of Israel,

 

Vision #4 - Daniel 10:1 - Third year of Cyrus the Persian (approx. 535/536BC)

  • Daniel ~ 86 years old
    • o The final vision given to Daniel came in the third year of the reign of Cyrus which was 536 b.c. Exiles had returned from Babylon and had begun rebuilding the temple.
    • o Israel’s captivity had ended.
    • o Jerusalem was being reoccupied, and the nation seemed to be at peace.  [2]

 

1 (LEB) [3]   In the third year of Cyrus the king of the Persians, a word was revealed to Daniel, who was called by his name Belteshazzar,

and the word was reliable

and it concerned a great tribulation,

and he understood the word

and he received understanding.

Robert Anderson explains:

“We are informed in Daniel 1:21 that ‘Daniel continued until the first year of King Cyrus’. The texts are not contradictory. What Daniel 1:21 does is no more than record that Daniel lived to see the advent of Cyrus and therefore the fall of Babylon and the opportunity to return to the Promised Land.”    (Anderson, R. A Signs and wonders: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel)

 

  • O.I.A. – observation, interpretation, and application – IBS basics
    • o Ever notice how often the conjunction “and” is used by Daniel to separate thoughts, particularly descriptions of who, what, where, when, or how?
  • God’s Word:
    • o Reliable prophecy – God’s promises WILL HAPPEN.

1 Peter 1:10–12

10 This salvation was something even the prophets (Daniel) wanted to know more about when they prophesied about this gracious salvation prepared for you.

11 They wondered what time or situation the Spirit of Christ within them was talking about when he told them in advance about Christ’s suffering and his great glory afterward.

12 They were told that their messages were not for themselves, but for you. And now this Good News has been announced to you by those who preached in the power of the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. It is all so wonderful that even the angels are eagerly watching these things happen.   [4]

 

2 In those days, I, Daniel, I myself was in mourning for three whole weeks.

3 I had not eaten any choice food,

and meat and wine did not enter my mouth,

and I did not use any ointment until the end of three whole weeks.

4 And then on the twenty-fourth day of the first month, I myself was on the bank of the great river; that is, the Tigris.

5 And I lifted up my eyes and I saw,

and there was a man,

and he was dressed in linen,

and his waist was girded with the gold of Uphaz.

6 Now his body was like turquoise,

and his face was like the appearance of lightning,

and his eyes were like torches of fire,

and his arms and his legs were like the gleam of polished bronze,

and the sound of his words was like the sound of a multitude.

  • Such a similar description to John’s Revelation of Jesus Christ on Patmos:
    • o This is part of the reason Daniel and Ezekiel are primers for Revelation

Revelation 1:12–17

12 And I (John) turned to see the voice which was speaking with me, and when I turned, I saw seven gold lampstands,

13 and in the midst of the lampstands one like a son of man, dressed in a robe reaching to the feet and girded around his chest with a golden belt,

14 and his head and hair were white like wool, white as snow, and his eyes were like a fiery flame,

15 and his feet were like fine bronze when it has been fired in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of many waters,

16 and he had in his right hand seven stars, and a sharp double-edged sword coming out of his mouth, and his face was like the sun shining in its strength.

17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet like a dead person, and he placed his right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid! I am the first and the last,

 

  • 5178 נְחֹשֶׁת, נְחֹשֶׁת [nâchosheth /nekh·o·sheth/] n m. For 5154; TWOT 1349a, 1350a; GK 5733 and 5734; 141 occurrences; AV translates as “brass” 103 times, “brasen” 28 times, “fetters” four times, “chain” three times, “copper” once, “filthiness” once, and “steel” once. 1 copper, bronze. 1a copper (ore), bronze (as copper alloy). 1b fetters (of copper or bronze). 1c copper (as value). 2 lust, harlotry. 2a meaning dubious.  [5]

 

7 And I saw, I, Daniel alone, the vision;

and the people who were with me did not see the vision;

nevertheless, a great trembling fell upon them

and they fled in order to hide themselves.

8 And I myself, Daniel, alone saw this great vision,

and as a result no strength was left in me

and my complexion grew deathly pale,

and I did not retain any strength.

9 And I heard the sound of his words,

and when I heard the sound of his words

I myself began falling into a trance on my face,

with my face to the ground.

10 And look, a hand touched me

and it roused me to my knees

and the palms of my hands.

  • Trance(Gr. ekstasis, from which the word “ecstasy” is derived) denotes the state of one who is “out of himself.”
    Such were the trances of Peter and Paul, Acts 10:10; 11:5; 22:17, ecstasies, “a preternatural, absorbed state of mind preparing for the reception of the vision”, (comp. 2 Cor. 12:1–4). In Mark 5:42 and Luke 5:26 the Greek word is rendered “astonishment,” “amazement” (comp. Mark 16:8; Acts 3:10).    [6]

 

Revelation 1:17–18

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as if I were dead.

But he laid his right hand on me and said,

“Don’t be afraid! I am the First and the Last.

18 I am the living one. I died, but look—I am alive forever and ever!

And I hold the keys of death and the grave.

 

11 And he said to me, “Daniel, a man beloved, pay attention to the words that I am speaking to you and stand upright where you are, for I have now been sent to you.”

And while he was speaking with me this word, I stood up trembling.

12 And he said to me, “You must not fear, Daniel, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand

and to humble yourself before your God,

your words were heard,

and I myself have come because of your words.

  • Imagine the Angelic host coming to you because you have called upon an answer from the God Most High!

 

13 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia stood before me for 21 days.

And look, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to assist me,

and I left him there beside the king of the Persians.

  • Biblical scholars are in unanimous agreement that the “princes” referred to in Daniel 10 are divine beings, not humans. This is transparent from the mention of Michael in 10:13 and 10:21, who is called “prince” (cf. Dan 12:1). They are also agreed that the concept is based on Deuteronomy 32:8–9. [7]
    • o God apportioned the earth at Babel to national boundaries, promising to keep Israel unto Himself.  [8]
    • o This passage, along with Deuteronomy 32:8–9, is the foundation for Paul’s theology of the unseen world.  [9]

Deuteronomy 32:8–9  NKJV

8 When the Most High divided their inheritance to the nations, When He separated the sons of Adam, He fixed the boundaries of the peoples According to the number of the sons of God.

9 For the Lord’s portion is His people;

Jacob (Israel) is the place of His inheritance.

 

Acts 17:26–28  NKJV

26 And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their pre-appointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings,

27 so that they should seek the Lord, in the hope that they might grope for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us;

28 for in Him we live and move and have our being, as also some of your own poets have said, ‘For we are also His offspring.’

 

  • o This is one of the clearest OT examples that demonic armies oppose God’s purposes and that earthly struggles often reflect what is happening in the heavenlies, and that prayer with fasting may affect the outcome.
    The prince . . . Persia would be the head of the spiritual forces marshaled on behalf of sinful Persia, especially in relation to its destructive interaction with God’s people.
    Michael is a senior angel. The exact nature of the conflict and why the messenger could not defeat the prince are not stated. [10]

 

 

Romans 8:38–39  NKJV. [11]

38 For I am persuaded that neither death nor life, nor angels nor principalities nor powers,nor things present nor things to come,

39 nor height nor depth, nor any other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. [12]

 

Ephesians 1:20–22

20 which He worked in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places,

21 far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come.

22 And He put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be head over all things to the church,

 

Ephesians 3:10–11

10 to the intent that now the manifold wisdom of God might be made known by the church to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places,

11 according to the eternal purpose which He accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord,

 

Ephesians 6:12  NKJV   For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood,

but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.   [13]

 

Colossians 1:16–17   NKJV

16 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers.

All things were created through Him and for Him.

17 And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist.

 

Colossians 2:13–17   NKJV

13 And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses,

14 having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us, which was contrary to us.

And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.

15 Having disarmed principalities and powers,

He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.

16 So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths,

17 which are a shadow of things to come, but the substance is of Christ.

 

Paul was amazed by the ranks of Angelic beings.

  • Did he witness such things when he visited heaven in 2 Corinthians 12?
  • Was he moved to a life change when wondering of the activity and influence of the Angelic Host in Heaven and earth?
  • ONE THING was certain during his visit to heaven – there is ONE God who rules all creation – and ALL of the Heavenly Divine Beings.

James 5:4    Indeed the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, cry out; and the cries of the reapers have reached the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

  • Sabaoththe transliteration of the Hebrew word tsebhaʾoth, meaning “hosts,” “armies” (Rom. 9:29; James 5:4). In the LXX. the Hebrew word is rendered by “Almighty.” (See Rev. 4:8; comp. Isa. 6:3.) It may designate Jehovah as either (1) God of the armies of earth, or (2) God of the armies of the stars, or (3) God of the unseen armies of angels; or perhaps it may include all these ideas.   [14]
  • o James – Jesus’ half-brother understood that his brother was the God of all the unseen realm – the armies of heaven.
  • Is Jesus the God over your circumstances, your battles?
  • Have you asked HIM to send His angelic army to your aid?
  • Ask Him NOW!

 

 

[1]  4899 מָשִׁיחַ [mashiyach /maw·shee·akh/] n m. From 4886; TWOT 1255c; GK 5431; 39 occurrences; AV translates as “anointed” 37 times, and “Messiah” twice. 1 anointed, anointed one. 1a of the Messiah, Messianic prince. 1b of the king of Israel. 1c of the high priest of Israel. 1d of Cyrus. 1e of the patriarchs as anointed kings.  (James Strong, Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon (Woodside Bible Fellowship, 1995).)

[2] J. Dwight Pentecost, “Daniel,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 1 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 1365.

[3] W. Hall Harris III et al., eds., The Lexham English Bible (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2012), Daniel 10:1-13

[4] Tyndale House Publishers, Holy Bible: New Living Translation (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2013), 1 Pe 1:10–12.

[5] James Strong, Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon (Woodside Bible Fellowship, 1995).

[6] M. G. Easton, Easton’s Bible Dictionary (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893).

[7] Michael S. Heiser, The Unseen Realm: Recovering the Supernatural Worldview of the Bible, First Edition (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2015), 119.

[8] “The notion that different nations were allotted to different gods or heavenly beings was widespread in the ancient world.  The origin of this idea is to be sought in the ancient Near Eastern concept of the divine council.”  (John Joseph Collins and Adela Yarbro Collins, Daniel:  A Commentary on the Book of Daniel [Hermeneia: A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible;  Minneapolis: Fortress, 1993], 374).

[9] Ronn Johnson, “The Old Testament Background for Paul’s Principalities and Powers,” (PhD diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 2004).

[10] Jack W. Hayford, ed., Spirit Filled Life Study Bible, electronic ed. (Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson, 1997), Da 10:13.

[11] The New King James Version (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1982). Rom 8.38-39; Eph 3:8-12; Eph 6:12; Col 1:16-17; Col 2:13-17

[12] Most, if not all, of the terms in verse 38 are technical terms denoting astrological powers which were thought to exercise control over man and his fate. Following the mention of death and life, the actual order in which Paul lists these in verse 38 is: angels, (heavenly) rulers, the present, the future, and (heavenly) powers. Angels, rulers, and powers may describe astrological forces, and it is highly probable that the present and the future fit into the same category.  (Barclay Moon Newman and Eugene Albert Nida, A Handbook on Paul’s Letter to the Romans, UBS Handbook Series (New York: United Bible Societies, 1973), 174.

[13] The struggle is not physical (against flesh and blood); it is a spiritual conflict against the spiritual “Mafia.” Though the ranks of satanic forces cannot be fully categorized, the first two (rulers and authorities) have already been mentioned in 1:21 and 3:10. Paul added the powers of this dark world (cf. 2:2; 4:18; 5:8) and the spiritual forces of evil. Their sphere of activity is in the heavenly realms, the fifth occurrence of this phrase, which is mentioned in the New Testament only in 1:3, 20; 2:6; 3:10; 6:12. Satan, who is in the heavens (2:2) until he will be cast out in the middle of the Tribulation (Rev. 12:9–10), is trying to rob believers of the spiritual blessings God has given them (Eph. 1:3).  (Harold W. Hoehner, “Ephesians,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 2 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 643.)

[14] M. G. Easton, Easton’s Bible Dictionary (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1893).